1. Comment on this statement that is often heard: “I have practiced (or taught) nursing for many years without the need to use theory, so why do I need theory in a practice discipline?”

2. Reflect on this statement: “A scholarly discipline must engage in societal concerns, in dialogues about pressing issues, and in shaping health care reform.” Is nursing a scholarly discipline? Do nurse scholars have the same attributes as other scholars in other disciplines? What would be your assessment of the level of scholarship in nursing?

3. What difference do the levels and types of theory make in advancing nursing knowledge?